From the novel "Comes A Pale Horse" by Robert O. Burgess


The Hunt
By Brenda Helm


Preamble to the: TREATY OF FORT LARAMIE WITH SIOUX, ETC., 1851

     "Articles of a treaty made and concluded at Fort Laramie, in the Indian Territory, between D. D. Mitchell, superintendent of Indian affairs, and Thomas Fitzpatrick, Indian agent, commissioners specially appointed and authorized by the President of the United States, of the first part, and the chiefs, headmen, and braves of the following Indian nations, residing south of the Missouri River, east of the Rocky Mountains, and north of the lines of Texas and New Mexico, viz, the Sioux or Dahcotahs, Cheyennes, Arapahoes, Crows, Assinaboines, Gros-Ventre, Mandans, and Arrickaras, parties of the second part, on the seventeenth day of September, A. D. one thousand eight hundred and fifty-one."

From the Appendix of Comes A Pale Horse
A novel by Robert O. Burgess


Preamble to the: TREATY WITH THE ARAPAHO AND CHEYENNE, 1861

     "Articles of agreement and convention made and concluded at Fort Wise, in the Territory of Kansas, on the eighteenth day of February, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-one, by and between Albert G. Boone and F. B. Culver, commissioners on the part of the United States, and the following named chiefs and delegates, representing the confederated tribes of Arapahoe and Cheyenne Indians of the Upper Arkansas River, viz: Little Raven, Storm, Shave-Head, and Big-Mouth, (on the part of the Arapahoes), and Black Kettle, White Antelope, Lean Bear, Little Wolf, and Left Hand, or Namos (on the part of the Cheyennes), they being thereto duly authorized by said confederated tribes of Indians."

From the Appendix of Comes A Pale Horse
A novel by Robert O. Burgess


ARTICLE 5 of the TREATY OF FORT LARAMIE WITH SIOUX, ETC., 1851 stated:

     "The aforesaid Indian nations do hereby recognize and acknowledge the following tracts of country, included within the metes and boundaries hereinafter designated, as their respective territories, viz: . . . "

     The TREATY then went on to describe, by metes and bounds, some two-hundred-thousand square miles of territory from the Missouri River to the north in present day Montana, to the Arkansas River to the south in present day Colorado. Then came Colorado Territory, formed in February, 1861, the same month as the Fort Wise Treaty, held at Fort Wise, renamed Fort Lyon after the start of our Civil War which began a few weeks later in April, 1861. The Congress had a problem. The Southern Cheyennes and Arapahoes owned every square inch of land in the soon-to-be Colorado Territory.

Comes now ARTICLE 1 of the TREATY WITH ARAPAHO AND CHEYENNE, 1861:

     "The said chiefs and delegates of said Arapahoe and Cheyenne tribes of Indians do hereby cede and relinquish to the United States all lands now owned, possessed, or claimed by them, wherever situated, except a tract to be reserved for the use of said tribes located within the following described boundaries, to wit: . . . "

     ARTICLE 1 then describes a tract of land, less than 6,000 square miles to the north of the Arkansas River in present day Colorado, carefully worded, " . . . for the use of said tribes . . ." The Arapahoes and Cheyennes already owned that tract of land. It was a part of some 70,000 square miles, their portion of the 1851 Fort Laramie Treaty, that the government talked about above as, "now owned, possessed, or claimed by them . . . "

     "To say that the government, in Indian treaty matters, was fiduciarily irresponsible, is kind."

From the Appendix of Comes A Pale Horse
A novel by Robert O. Burgess

To reach me by email go here: delist23586@mypacks.net

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